Nomad communities of the Amarkhel Tribe
In Afghanistan many conflicts are caused over material possessions necessary to carry on a mode of living. The Hazara and nomadic Amarkhel people are both agricultural peoples, subsistent of the land, and as such livestock remains of great importance to them, and can be a source of jealousy and conflict. In this case study, reciprocal theft of livestock escalates and leads to violence. By employing conflict resolution methods, arbitrating between the two peoples was possible and a peaceful outcome and commitment for the future was reached.
Land Disputes : Returnees
One of the major issues affecting both urban and rural areas is land ownership. Land ownership and in particular the ability to use the land for farming, is a serious concern for the overwhelmingly rural population of Afghanistan. Land disputes are a frequent occurrence. The long years of war have forced many people into exile or to become refugees in neighbouring provinces or abroad. Coupled with this has been the unstable or absent government for long periods of time, which has led to the situation where many people do not have proper documentation for their land, ownership of which is then challenged or return home to find their land occupied. Land issues are many, and its economic value makes land a source of potential conflict.
Faryab Community stands up to Taliban
CPAU works in some of Afghanistan least stable and conflict prone provinces and districts, including Faryab in Northern Afghanistan. This case studies highlights how when communities come together they can be stronger, and work together to throw off an oppressive group. The village of Momen Abad KhishtPul was identified by CPAU as being a place that could benefit from the establishment of a Peace Council, and the training that comes with it. Local AOG, notably in this case the Taliban, were opposed to such training, and the undermining effect it would have on their influence. Threats were made, but ultimately the village and the ANP resolved to stand firm, and the space they created for themselves was enough to allow the training to be completed and the Peace Council is still running today.
Access to Justice for Females
For Women in Afghanistan, accessing justice can be problematic. Females in many instances completely depend on male relatives to represent them, so where an abusive husband denies access to those helpful relatives or family, women can find themselves trapped without help. Similarly, women are often entirely dependent financially on their husbands, and where a relationship breaks down completely, this can leave a woman exposed and destitute. These two case studies reveal how the work of CPAU in educating women and raising legal awareness can empower women to confront ill-treatment and tackle injustice and neglect from their husbands.
In the last 15 years we have been proud to work with a great variety of different peoples in many provinces in Afghanistan. We have worked hard to help resolve conflicts between communities and find ways of ending disputes, which have in the past ended violence. Below are a collection of testimonials that give real examples of the work we do, and highlight the non-violent approach to conflict resolution we advocate.